How to establish a research problem for your project? This article covers the problem statement, Focus groups, Participant observation, and historical context. You may also want to incorporate an action research design, such as using historical databases, a case study, or a qualitative research design. These approaches can help you come up with an action research proposal that is both original and meaningful to your project's audience.
The first step in developing a research problem is identifying the context. A context is a detailed description of the issue or problem. It should describe the ideal scenario and the ramifications of not solving the problem. A problem statement should be very clear and precise, while also keeping the end-user in mind. Most problem statements describe an idea aimed at improving efficiency and making the best use of resources. It should also include the who and when of the problem.
Upon identifying the problem, the next step is to write a problem statement. This will describe the impact of the problem and what solutions will be recommended. In addition, the problem statement should contain the causes, practical approaches to understanding the problem, and well-thought-out plans for attack. If the problem statement is clear enough, the rest of the research proposal will be easy to understand. A well-defined problem statement will be an invaluable tool for your project.
Setting up a focus group is an excellent way to obtain insights from people living in public housing. The facilitator should create the characters and represent different issues that these individuals face. Participants should sit in a circle. Make sure to use a tape recorder so that participants can hear all voices clearly. After the first few groups, make a second round of focus group meetings. In order to maximize the value of the data collected, create a research problem to ask.
Set up the room for the focus groups. The room should be quiet and the participants should face each other. If the focus groups are back to back, use another room to facilitate discussions. Organize incentives and giveaways for the participants. For example, publishers of school textbooks often offer vouchers for educational material. To encourage participants, set up the focus groups so that they will be comfortable with each other.
While participant observation is an essential tool for establishing a research problem, there are some pitfalls to be aware of when conducting this type of research. The first is that the data obtained is difficult to generalize. This is because the data collected by participants are often biased - people who readily participate in an observation tend to have a particular agenda to further, and as such, the information they produce may not be completely honest. To combat this problem, randomization and careful sampling are recommended. The downside is that confined observation can become biased when quantitative influences enter the process.
Follow legal and ethical guidelines:
When conducting participant observation, you must be sure to follow legal and ethical guidelines. Some groups are impossible to join due to specialized knowledge. For example, it's relatively easy to observe fast-food workers, but very difficult to observe a molecular biologist. If your study is focusing on a user group, this type of research can be a useful tool.
Students should understand the importance of a historical context when establishing a research question for their project, and then practice posing their own good historical questions. In class, students should model the qualities of a good question for the purpose of writing test essays, class discussions, and structured debates. Students should also practice asking good questions as part of classroom activities. Once students have mastered the fundamentals of historical writing, they should begin the process of researching and writing a research paper. In this process, students should develop a list of topics they are interested in researching and browse reference sources to identify broad topics.
Author Bio: Miguel Gabriel is a research-based content writer. He has worked in various industries, including healthcare, technology, and finance. He is currently working as an writer in research prospect famous for dissertation writing services and and essay writing. When Miguel is not writing or researching, he enjoys spending time with his family and friends. He also loves traveling and learning about new cultures.